institut pour la ville en mouvement

le journal de l'ivmretour actions

City mobilities at night
Facilitating movement for people who work and travel at night

The International Forum on Night Time Mobility in Rome
A night in Paris… Genesis of a programme
With the “City at Night” programme, IVM is embarking on a genuine futurology of the city
Noctambulle, test-run in Belfort

The International Forum
on Night Time Mobility in Rome, April 22-25, 2004

Download the programme

In partnership with
the Belfort-Montbéliard Maison du temps et de la mobilité and the city of Rome
and backed by PREDIT.

On the invitation of the municipality of Rome, the Forum will gather together people from all over the world: city councillors, experts in transport, technicians, architects, town planners, representatives of association. The Forum will be an opportunity to achieve better understanding of the problems of a nightly city; to communicate the first results of the research on night time mobility and to present the accounts on the trips across the cities, finally, to imagine new modalities of functioning between different areas of the city: the city that sleeps, the city that moves, the city that works and the city that is having fun.
Making the city friendlier and more accessible
This meeting will allow a better comprehension of the evolution of the supply, demand and practices of urban night mobility and to identify problems and innovations in the domain. It will lead us to the construction of an international network on research and experimentation directed at making the city friendlier and more accessible.
Important axes of the Forum:
Introduction to the city by night
Presentation of the first report on the supply and demand in night time mobility in the city;
Detailed case-studies
Initiation of projects on research, exchange and experimentation;
Moments of submersion into the Roman night with two experiences: a trip across Rome and Troll.
Building an international network with partners

Download the programme


Project manager:

Luc GWIAZDZINSKI, géographe, chercheur au laboratoire Image et ville (UTB)

A night in Paris… Genesis of the "City at night" programme

In February 2002, the City on the Move Institute sent representatives from all horizons into Paris and its region to compare impressions. A geographer, architect, night nurse, police commander, cultural organiser, industrialist, musician, film director, local politician, designer, social mediator and shopkeeper set off for a night journey across Paris and its region

Their mission: To study the values and representations mediated by the night along four routes (East/West; North/South; North/Northeast; South/Southeast) and then to come up with original solutions for facilitating night-time mobilities.. The aim, therefore, was to penetrate the city’s forgotten dimension, to conduct an unbiased and undirected exploration of the city, but following a precise method: first to observe and note everything we saw, however ordinary. Then, to imagine and dream the city freely as we would like it to be.. And finally, to create and put together all the ideas that emerged from that night.. The process culminated in brainstorming sessions, notably resulting in the definition of an original method which has already been applied in other cities and territories:
Nancy in November 2003 (DATAR Times and Territories programme)
Paris in October 2003 (European EQUAL programme)..
A first partnership with the radio station “Le Mouv” was also launched with two live radio programmes on the city at night: a special programme on the approach to the night during the Paris white nights and a journey through Sarajevo.
European partners interested in this question and in creating a database were identified.. The “City at Night” programme emerged

To find out more, download the 2002 journey through Paris programme and the presentation of the journey (3,2mo)

With the “City at Night” programme, IVM is embarking on
a genuine futurology of the city

The city lives to an alternating rhythm of day and night. Gradually, however, human activities are becoming freed of natural constraints – day, night, seasons … This deployment of time in urban life requires access to permanent mobility, for which our organisations are ill prepared.
Local experiments and innovations have emerged to meet these new needs for nocturnal mobility. However, no international inventory has so far been made of these new opportunities, these good practices and experiments, and there has been no analysis of the new needs for night-time mobility. Only a few studies and a handful of contacts with different groups suggest the scope of the phenomenon.

The City on the Move Institute intends to analyse how cities manage their night mobilities and to initiate useful experiments.. More broadly, the study of mobilities and of the urban night opens up a whole futurology of the city..
The task is organised around three principal axes:
An international inventory of nocturnal mobilities;
Raising awareness and networking the stakeholders;

International inventory of nocturnal mobilities
The international inventory of nocturnal mobilities is initially based on two surveys. A first survey is being conducted with some twenty European cities.
To start with, a questionnaire was sent to each group of local partners (local authority, public transport provider, university, association) between September and October 2003. In situ meetings have been organised between IVM and the territorial stakeholders to help analyse the new services and attempt an initial evaluation.
A second survey is set to be conducted with the population, in collaboration with local partners (universities, associations)..
In parallel, night-time journeys around the city are being conducted by the project leader, geographer Luc Gwiazdzinski, accompanied by a journalist from the “Le Mouv” radio station and targeted local partners. A creative workshop will be held to pinpoint the issues and the problems.

Raising awareness and networking the stakeholders
From 23 to 25 April 2004 in Rome, IVM is holding a European forum on nocturnal mobilities in collaboration with the city of Rome. This forum has a number of objectives:
To carry out an initial inventory of good nocturnal mobility practices, experiments and new population needs;
To facilitate exchange between the different partners and stakeholders in mobilities: associations, transport providers, local authorities, universities;
To raise awareness about this work among different territories, companies or organisations, to bring this issue of nocturnal mobilities onto the European agenda and to start a wide ranging debate;
More broadly, to raise the question of the growth of nocturnal activities, of the emergence of a 24/24 city within a context of sustainable development, and to devise new ways of articulating the different districts where the city sleeps, where it is on the move, where it is at work and being supplied, and where it is at play.
Following this forum, a “charter on nocturnal mobilities” in Europe will be drawn up.. An international network of partners on the issue of nocturnal mobilities should then emerge naturally.

One of the concepts that emerged from one of the night project teams is Troll.. This concept involves sowing the night streets of the city with a family of “trolls”, individual or collective mobile units with the capacity to instigate poetry, a mind-shift, and to attract the public towards other places, forgotten events, marginal urban spaces (suburbs, temporary places …). It also means… creating, prompting ephemeral communities, confronting the different faces of the city; stimulating encounters and appropriating territory when it is at its most open, least boundaried, when people wish to reclaim it.. Above all, though, it is a state of mind, a brand, a working label initiated by the IVM.
The poetic principle, totem of an examination of the night, takes on a civic value.. It is in the refinement of its application that the project takes form.

To find out more, download the presentation Troll

Noctambulle, test-run in Belfort

Another idea that stood out from the different concepts generated by the night journeys was Noctambulle. It proposes a biodegradable shared transport service servicing the cultural events and entertainments of the Parisian night. The quality of nocturnal public transport is thereby improved both inside the Noctanbulle by means of a reception service, entertainments, Internet terminals … and also outside through an interface between the different parts of the city. Of course, the Noctambulle can be adapted to reflect the Troll approach.
A preliminary test has already been organised in the “Kiosk Night” operation on 8 October 2003, a sequence of parties designed for 5000 students in the Belfort Montbéliard Urban Area, which is awaiting evaluation.